Central Region (Madhyamanchal)
Best Time To Visit:
September To March
Chitwan is very famous in Nepal because of its dominant production of mustard from which mustard oil is produced.
Bharatpur Airport well connected with daily flights from Kathmandu Airport.
Bharatpur Airport, is about 10 km from Chitwan National Park and their are daily flights from Kathmandu to Chitwan and return. By bus Take the tourist bus from Kathmandu or Pokhara. From Kathmandu, Chitwan is about 4 hours. From Pokhara, it is around 6 hours. When you arrive in Chitwan (the village), you will need to take a horse cart or bicycle rickshaw (what the locals call a "taxi") the 7km into the tiny village that Sauraha. A bicycle rickshaw can take about 45 minutes. When you arrive, you can easily walk down the main road that is lined with lodges and guest houses.
The park has a range of climatic seasons, each offering a unique experience. October through February with an average temperature of 25°C offer an enjoyable climates. From March to June temperatures can reach as high as 43°C. The hot humid days gives way to the monsoon season that typically lasts from late June until September. Rivers become flooded sometime during the season the scenery looks most amazing with unexpected water level. In late January, local villagers are allowed to cut thatch grasses to meet their needs, which offer a better and easy viewing of wildlife to visitors. Also, between September and November, and February and April, migratory birds and create spectacular bird watching opportunity. While the monsoon rains brings lush vegetation, most trees flower in late winter. The “Palash tree” known as the “flame of the forest” and slick cotton tree have spectacular crimson flowers that can be seen from a distance.
Chitwan National Park has long been one the country''s treasures of natural wonders. The park is situated in south central Nepal, covering 932 sq. km. in the subtropical lowlands of the inner TERAI. The area comprising the Tikauli forest-from Rapti river to the foothills of the Mahabharata-extending over an area of 175 sq. km. was declared Mrigakunja in 1959. In 1963, the area south of Rapti river was demarcated as a rhinoceros sanctuary. The area was gazette as the country''s first National Park in 1973.In 1996, an area of 750 sq. km. surrounding the park was declared a buffer zone which consists of forests and private lands. The park and the local people jointly initiate community development activities and manage natural resources in the buffer zone. The Government has made provision of plowing back 30-50 percent of the park revenue for community development in the buffer zone.